Machupicchu are one of the greatest enigmas that the ancient world has left for humanity, just as Stonehenge, The Giants of Pascua Island, The Great Sphinx, The Nasca LInes and other similar wonders of the world. Since their discovery the enigma surrounding them has always powerfully attracted the attention of archaeologists, mathematicians, astronomers, UFO seekers and the curios general public. Why and who could built this amazing citadel in such a dramatic place? This and other questions have promoted fantastic and audacious theories.
Scientists, who have the highest authority on this subject, think very carefully and with certain skepticism, they as archaeologists think that it is not possible yet to answer such questions. We understand this way of thinking because there is very poor data to make already conclusions; the Machupicchu enigma is enticing, but sometimes it is better just to leave it without answers than to offer theories without sure evidence. We hope that the Epistemology of the future will allow us to obtain the proofs, as without them, the so important and gaudy Machupicchu enigma will remain deeply considered by very few scientists, as most of them prefer to walk by securer routes than risk themselves falling on dangerous ground.
If we had followed this way of thinking, the present book would never have seen the light. As to surrender without a fight is easy, but doesn’t deserve our admiration. A great enigma is a challenge for any cultivated mind…so…we are going to decode it or, at least let’s make a fool hardly attempt as it doesn’t matter if we lose.
Although there are many different published theories about this astonishing monument, probably the most famous is the one that belongs to Dr. Hiram Binham, in whose memory we dedicate this present book. His interpretation links the construccion with astronomical observations and the figures with the constellations. This explanation undoubtedly is determined by the doctor’s profession, the History. His theories can be argued but it is true that without her work the citadel of Machupicchu would not have survived till our days. It is also true that she knew the field more than anybody, because for many years it was her home and studio.
Today the most popular version belongs to Johan Reinhard. His theory is opposed to Hiram Binhams', as an ‘anthropological’ point of view. According to him, the windows point to the Sacred Mountains ‘suppliers of water’ and that the entire citadel, would have been a great scenery for fertility ceremonies.
There are also a series of different theories, which present us with more less elaborated theories, but from our point of view all of them have the same fault, as they are radical. An author proposes an idea and sets it up against another, canceling out the possibility of a ‘multiple interpretation’. Is it not possible that some windows could point to the stars and others to the mountains? And at the same time a constellation could be a divinity?
The present book offers a spectrum of ideas and interpretations about the archaeological remain general monument and also to its particular parts, some of them are ours and others come based on previous studies. We are offering you the job my dear reader to keep and reject which you like. The structure of the book allows you to combine them as you will. Even though, early in the book some appear contrasting they become complementary and are all an important part of the topic.
The present study is based around four subjects, being the first about the myths, rites and cultural heroes in M;achupicchu. We are lead till the Moche culture on the Northern Peruvian coast. These two cultures shared the same ecological conditions, similar patterns in economy and probably deep similarities in their mythology and Cosmovision. The mythical scenes on the Moche pottery give us abundant material to find analogies with the Machupicchu pottery iconography.
The second part leads us to almost a thousand years later, to the Incas. This is the earliest age we have written texts of myths and legends with the Spaniards chronicles. Although the time distance between the Nascas and the Incas looks huge, other written evidence of the way of life in the Andean world is not available. Although we can discover ‘Inherited characteristics’ as the Incas summarized knowledge of previous cultures and after the discovery of the "Lord of Wari" made in Espiritu Pampa, Vilcabamaba, in one of the Cusco provinces, we are sure that the Nasca knowledge arrived to the incas through Wari.
The third and the furthest approaches the modern Anthropology, the present-day Peruvian society have nothing from their ancestors, but in some cases the isolated Andean communities give us astonishing analogies, and for them the expression ‘here time has stopped ’ is true. This part of the book is based around a central concept: the notion of fertility, which in the inhospitable Nasca land should be of vital importance.
In the second part of the book the astronomical interpretations are placed together, they complement the first half of the book, as the astronomy in the ancient societies did not exist as a free or independent science; it rather was a part of their mythic Cosmo vision. The star movement’s studies were necessary for an astronomical calendar creation, which were used as a ruler for the agrarian cycle, so the stars were in strict relation with the earth’s life and the astronomy with the fertility concept.
The last part introduces us the enigmatic Shaman, the ancient cultures wise man, medicine-man, magician and priest. He was probably the creator of the machupicchu wonder and the guardian of its secrets. Here we inquire into the Shamans most powerful instrument, The Hallucinogenic plants, and its possible role in the Machupicchu creation. I must publicly thank Dr. Carl Sagan who helped me to find resemblances between the magic world of the Shaman and the Quantum theory discoveries as the ‘Uncertainty Principle’ or the ‘Parallel Universes’. Also finding a new explanation for the UFO phenomenon, that is nowadays very closely linked with Machupicchu.
I honestly confess that in many cases I’ve let my imagination lead me more than the facts (basically because the absent of the latter’s). Let’s not forget that imagination is the best weapon when we invade unknown territory. Remember! Einstein left us with the harangue: “Imagination is more than knowledge”, even though the latter would be indispensable for scientist rigor. From this last condition, the concrete contribution of this book for deserve the title DECODED is expressed in the chapter “Observatory - Laboratory”,
…SO…TO ARMS, MY DEAR READER! A real great battle waits for us…